For the most part the Doberman is a generally active, free from serious health issues breed of dog. But as with ALL breeds there are some issues of concerns that plague this breed and you should be aware of them. If you suspect any of these issues are a concern with your Doberman seek out a competent vets help for proper diagnosis and treatment.
Von Willebrands (vWD) a bleeding issue that some may carry but never experience . If they DO experience an active issue it can be serious, even life threatening....
Dilated Cardiomyopathy (DCM or Cardio) While there is no definitive test for DCM symptoms range from benign to deadly. You Veterinarian can suggest some medications that may help "manage" the illness.
Wobblers Syndrome (CVI) A painful condition caused by abnormality in the spine there is no screening available and valid tests (MRI and myelogram) are expensive and not without risks.
Hypothyroidism (low thyroid) an easy and very inexpensive issue to treat. Skin/coat problems are first initial indicators along with weight gain and decreased energy.
Color Dilution Alopecia (CDA) is almost always cosmetic resulting in varying degrees of hair loss and is not related to mange. For the most part there is no Doberman "rug" or hairpiece to cover the balding areas and this normally is limited to fawns and blues. One needs to invest in good sweaters and coats for winters and like the "slick" look of the balding torso.
To a lesser degree "some" instances of hip displasia may on occasion touch the lives of Dobermans, in general they are a healthy happy easy breed to maintain and minimal grooming needs.